scoops

Monday, July 11, 2016

A citizen speaks

This comment was read at today’s Commissioner’s Court session by the author of this website.

Let’s start at the beginning. The guidelines for the sludging of America are contained in the EPA’s 503 sludge rule which was implemented in 1993. The TCEQ is just being a good foot-soldier reinforcing the EPA’s big lie that sludge is nothing but ordinary fertilizer and perfectly safe.

In case you’ve bought into the EPA’s greenwashing and think this is an OK idea, please look at the handout listing contaminants that have been found in sludge. Out of all those, only nine heavy metals and one pathogen – fecal coliform - are monitored for Class B biosolids. All the rest of those contaminants may legally be present.

Yes, the TCEQ knows exactly how unsafe Class B biosolids are. Just take a look at the excerpt from the Texas Administrative Code TAC 30 regulations. That section specifies how many days, weeks, months, years must pass before sludged land can be used for certain purposes. And that caution relates to only one pathogen - E. Coli.

So what does this mean for Bastrop county and its residents? The most pressing concern with this permit proposal is water resources. Please look at the two graphic handouts. The Wallace Farm, which has signed up for the free sludge, lies almost entirely over the Wilcox outcrop where rainwater replenishes the aquifer. Toxic components in that sludge would inevitably leach into the aquifer and also Cedar Creek when it rains heavily. That contaminated water would then radiate from the Wallace Farm by the aquifers’ underground streams. The creeks would move those pollutants into the Colorado river. And surface runoff would flow downhill to pollute neighbors’ land and water sources.

But, neither the TCEQ nor Denali Water Solutions would bear any responsibility for testing of neighboring wells that may become contaminated OR for maintaining county roads OR or compensating neighbors for loss of property value. There are Commercial Liability and Environmental Impairment policies in place for ten million dollars per occurrence. But how exactly does one unimpair toxic pollution? Interestingly, this policy is issued to the Wallace Farm in a mythical BAXTER county, Texas.

When Denali Water Solutions withdrew their application for a similar permit in Fayette county a few weeks ago, they emphasized that the residents had an “emotional attachment to the Colorado river”. Well, my attachment is to water that isn’t polluted by heavy metals and pathogens and chemicals and pharmaceuticals and and and . . . Those nasties have no business being dumped over an aquifer outcrop or in the Cedar Creek floodplain or on a site that has higher elevation than neighboring properties. Period.

The Resolution before you today would be an important step in the process of putting an end to this before it starts. It’s unthinkable that our precious water resources could be jeopardized by one landowner’s misinformed and naive idea that sludge is just harmless, “free-fertilizer”.

Video: Cedar Creek flood

This video was taken from the north side of Cedar Creek looking across the creek toward the northwestern corner of the Wallace Ranch. The flood meets the treeline about 25-30 feet above the creek-bed. If you could see under the treeline, the ranch pasture used to grow oats would be visible. This is by no means the highest the creek gets during floods.

Sludge exposes a stink

The saga of David Lewis and the EPA’s failure to protect the public is summarized in this 2008 article published in Nature:

Online: Raking through sludge exposes a stink

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The accompanying editorial chastises the EPA for its non-action:

Online: Stuck in the mud

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Wednesday, July 6, 2016

More Harm than Good

From Mother Earth News Biosolids: More Harm than Good two interviews with David Lewis by Lidia Epp.

Introduction

David Lewis, Ph.D., formerly a senior-level research microbiologist at EPA-ORD, was terminated by EPA for publishing two articles in Nature that raised concerns over the 503 sludge rule. He currently serves as director of research for the Focus for Health Foundation. Dr. Lewis kindly agreed to an interview for the MOTHER EARTH NEWS blog addressing the issue of agricultural use of sewage and industrial sludge, aka – biosolids. He is one of the most prominent scientific voices in the growing opposition to biosolids land application. Dr. Lewis’ publications are frequently cited as an example of solid, unbiased scientific evidence of the danger posed by this practice.

Part 1 - February 18, 2016: read online or download PDF
Part 2 - February 18, 2016: read online or download PDF

Tuesday, July 5, 2016

A Whistleblower’s Story

How EPA Faked the Entire Science of Sewage Sludge Safety

Introduction

US EPA’s 503 sludge rule (1993) allows treated sewage sludges, aka biosolids, to be land-applied to farms, forests, parks, school playgrounds, home gardens and other private and public lands. According to a recent EPA survey [1], biosolids contain a wide range of mutagenic and neurotoxic chemicals, which are present at a million-fold higher concentrations (ppm versus ppt) compared with their levels in polluted air and water (1). Biosolids contain all of the lipophilic (fat-soluble) chemical wastes that once polluted our rivers and lakes , but which now settle out at sewage treatment plants and become concentrated in sewage sludges. Most biosolids contain ppm concentrations of heavy metals, including chromium, lead, and mercury. They contain similarly high levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and semi-volatiles, such as bis (2-Ethylhexyl) phthalate, Benzo(a)pyrene), and polybrominated diphenyl ether congeners (PBDE flame retardants). Most biosolids also contain pathogenic agents and ppm levels of many common drugs, including ciprofloxacin (Cipro), carbamazepine (Tegretol, Equetro), and fluoxetine (Prozac).

While working at EPA Dr David Lewis published evidence that teenager Shayne Conner (of New Hampshire) died and other neighbors were harmed from living near land applied with sewage sludge (Lewis et al 2002[2] ). He furthermore became involved after dairy herds of two Georgia farms (McElmurray and Boyce) were poisoned after grazing on sludged land. He testified in lawsuits following each incident, against his employer (EPA), which is where many of the following depositions were obtained. The following article is an excerpt from Chapter 4 (Sludge Magic) of his new book (Science for Sale: How the US Government Uses Powerful Corporations and Leading Universities to Support Government Policies, Silence Top Scientists, Jeopardize Our Health, and Protect Corporate Profits [3] ).

The lawsuits referred to are Lewis v. EPA 1999; Lewis v. EPA 2003; and USA, ex rel. Lewis, McElmurray and Boyce v. Walker et al. 2009.

The depositions below piece together an unprecedented and coordinated multi-agency scientific scheme involving EPA, USDA, local and city municipalities, Synagro Technologies (a waste management company), various universities, and the National Academies of Science.

The effort was intended to misleadingly present sewage sludge as scientifically safe, to hide the evidence that it was not, to deliberately misreport the contents of municipal sludges, and smear David Lewis with a scientific misconduct charge after he blew the whistle.

Read online
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